At a conclave of the gods on Olympus, Zeus decrees that Odysseus should at last be allowed to return to his home and family in Ithaca.
It is widely recognized as one of the great stories of all time, and has been a strong influence on later European, especially Renaissance, literature. The poem focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulyssesas he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy.
His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea-god Poseidon prevented him from reaching his home. They receive him sumptuously and recount the ending of the Trojan War, including the story of the wooden horse.
Menelaus tells Telemachus that he has heard that Odysseus is being held captive by the nymph Calypso. The scene then changes to Calypso's island, where Odysseus has spent seven years in captivity. He is found by the young Nausicaa and her handmaidens and is made welcome by King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians, and begins to tell the amazing story of his return from Troy.
Despite the help of Aeolus, King of the Winds, Odysseus and his crew were blown off course again just as home was almost in sight. They narrowly escaped from the cannibal Laestrygones, only to encounter the witch-goddess Circe soon after.
Odysseus made a sacrifice to the dead and summoned the spirit of the old prophet Tiresias to advise him, as well as the spirits of several other famous men and women and that of his own mother, who had died of grief at his long absence and who gave him disturbing news of the situation in his own household.
Advised once more by Circe on the remaining stages of their journey, they skirted the land of the Sirens, passed between the many-headed monster Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis, and, blithely ignoring the warnings of Tiresias and Circehunted down the sacred cattle of the sun god Helios.
For this sacrilege, they were punished by a shipwreck in which all but Odysseus himself drowned. By this point, Homer has brought us up to date, and the remainder of the story is told straightforwardly in chronological order. Having listened with rapt attention to his story, the Phaeacians agree to help Odysseus get home, and they finally deliver him one night to a hidden harbour on his home island of Ithaca.
Disguised as a wandering beggar and telling a fictitious tale of himself, Odysseus learns from a local swineherd how things stand in his household. With more help from Athena, an archery competition is arranged by Penelope for the suitors, which the disguised Odysseus easily wins, and he then promptly slaughters all the other suitors.
Only now does Odysseus reveal and prove his true identity to his wife and to his old father, Laertes. Despite the fact that Odysseus has effectively killed two generations of the men of Ithaca the shipwrecked sailors and the executed suitorsAthena intervenes one last time and finally Ithaca is at peace once more.
It is written in Homeric Greek an archaic version of Ionic Greek, with admixtures from certain other dialects such as Aeolic Greekand comprises 12, lines of dactylic hexameter verse, usually divided up into 24 books. The epithets, as well as repeated background stories and longer epic similes, are common techniques in the oral tradition, designed to make the job of the singer-poet a little easier, as well as to remind the audience of important background information.
It employs the seemingly modern idea later imitated by many other authors of literary epics of starting the plot at what is chronologically towards the end of the overall story, and describing prior events through flashbacks or storytelling.
This is appropriate, however, as Homer was elaborating on a story which would have been very familiar to his listeners, and there was little likelihood of his audience being confused, despite the numerous sub-plots.
The character of Odysseus embodies many of the ideals the ancient Greeks aspired to: His intelligence is a mix of keen observation, instinct and street smarts, and he is a fast, inventive liar, but also extremely cautious.
However, he is also portrayed as very human - he makes mistakes, gets into tricky situations, loses his temper and is often moved to tears - and we see him in many roles as a husband, father and son, but also as an athlete, army captain, sailor, carpenter, storyteller, ragged beggar, lover, etc.Odysseus is a combination of the self-made, self-assured man and the embodiment of the standards and mores of his culture.
He is favored by the gods and respected and admired by the mortals. Odysseus is a combination of the self-made, self-assured man and the embodiment of the standards and mores of his culture.
He is favored by . Odyssey, epic poem in 24 books traditionally attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer. The poem is the story of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, who wanders for 10 years (although the action of the poem covers only the final six weeks) trying to get home after the Trojan War.
Nov 06, · Hey guys, Today I thought I would give an in-depth analysis of Homer’s Odyssey, and the character Odysseus.
Please feel free to post your comments! Odysseus’ Notable Characteristics. Homer ’s 8th century BCE oral narrative of a warrior’s decades-long quest to return home defines epic poetry. Together with its companion poem The Iliad, The Odyssey describes the action and aftermath of the Trojan Wars, andis the model for the heroic quest.
Read a character analysis of Odysseus, plot summary, and important quotes. Analysis Of Homers Odyssey English Literature Essay. Print Reference this and states him as “But clear-headedâ€¦” () later on as the epic poem goes on. This hero is first pictured as a young and immature boy but as the epic goes on this boy turns into a great leader and a great man.
He is just.