They persecuted scientists who formed theories the Church deemed heretical and forbade people from reading any books on those subjects by placing the books on the Index of Prohibited Books. A type of war between science and religion was in play but there would be more casualties on the side of science. Nicholas Copernicus and Galileo Galilei were two scientists who printed books that later became banned.
Many people believe wrongly that Galileo proved the heliocentricity. Galileo could not answer the strongest argument against the heliocentric theory, which was made nearly two thousand years earlier by Aristotle: In absence of a valid argument even Copernicus refrained from publishing his heliocentric theory for some time out of fear of ridicule from his colleagues.
Until then the available evidence suggested that the stars were fixed in their positions relative to the earth, and, thus, that the earth and the stars were not moving in space only the sun, moon and planets were.
His problem arose when he stopped proposing it as a scientific theory and began proclaiming it as a truth. Even so Galileo would not have been in so much trouble if he had chosen to stay within the realm of science and out of the realm of theology.
But, despite his friends warnings, he insisted on moving the debate onto theological grounds.
The verses quoted by David in his answer were used against Galileo precisely because of his inability to answer the strongest argument against the heliocentricity and because he attempt to move the debate onto theological grounds.
Unfortunately throughout the Church history there have been those who insist on reading the Bible in a more literal sense than it was intended. Just as we today speak of the sun rising and setting to cause day and night, rather than the earth turning, so did the ancients. From an earthbound perspective, the sun does appear to rise and set, and the earth appears to be immobile.
When we describe these things according to their appearances, we are using phenomenological language. The phenomenological language concerning motions of the heavens and the non-motion of the earth is obvious to us today but was less so in previous centuries when the scientific discoveries were primitive.
Contrary to general belief, Church has supported scientific endeavours for centuries.
Many of the scientific advances during this period were made either by clerics or as a result of Church funding. Ten years prior to Galileo. Scripture scholars of the past were willing to consider whether particular statements were to be taken literally or phenomenologically, but they did not like being told by a non-Scriptural scholar such as Galileo, that the words of the sacred page must be taken in a particular sense.Galileo Galilei, though famous for his scientific achievements in astronomy, mathematics, and physics, and infamous for his controversy with the church was, in fact, a devout Christian who saw not.
Which biblical verse was used against Galileo by the Church to punish him for his blasphemy.
and which biblical doctrine was erroneously interpreted by Galileo for such a punitive action by the Chu. Galileo vs. the Church. Galileo's letter to the Church () The Church's reply to Galileo () heretical, because it is expressly contrary to the Holy Scripture!" Galileo was found guilty and forced to renounce his views.
Ill and broken in spirit, he was sentenced to a life of perpetual imprisonment and penance.
Galileo knew the. One of the most famous examples of the clash between religion and science is the trial of Galileo Galilei.
a "heliocentric" theory which the church declared contrary to Scripture. Galileo was.
Conflict Myths: Galileo Galilei. Galileo Galilei () was a brilliant mathematician, astronomer and physicist. He was appointed to the chair of Mathematics at the University of Pisa in , and spent the next 20 years conducting excellent astronomical observations and making significant discoveries in pure and applied science.
Galileo contended that proper interpretation of Scripture would agree with observed fact. The "Book of Nature," written in the language of mathematics, would agree with the "Book of Scripture.