The Great Depression Overview The Harvest Gypsies is a collection of seven newspaper articles John Steinbeck was commissioned to write for the San Francisco News, which were published consecutively from October 5 to October 12, In the Simon J.
Having gained some renown after the publication of his strike novel, In Dubious Battlethe newspaper's editor, George West, thought Steinbeck would be a good choice to report on the growing problems associated with migrant labor in the agricultural valleys of California. West asked Steinbeck to report on migrant situation, which led to series of articles in San Francisco News.
Hundreds of thousands of Dust Bowl migrants were pouring into California from the Central Plains during the s seeking work and ending up greatly impoverished in makeshift, roadside camps known as Hoovervilles. Steinbeck traveled through the labor camps and fields with Tom Collins, staff member of the Federal Resettlement Administration, recording the terrible living conditions faced by the migrants.
While touring the camps, he found once independent farmers and laborers demoralized and defeated by the poverty forced upon them by what he saw as the organized oppression of wealthy landowners. His articles record both his great indignation at the utter misery he witnessed and present possible solutions to the huge problem.
Primarily he advocates the development of more Federal Camps where he argues self-government, small, family-run farms and decent living conditions would save lives and restore the migrants' dignity. Steinbeck's text is accompanied by twenty-two photographs by Dorothea Lange and others, several of which appeared with the original articles in the San Francisco News.
Besides being one of his earliest works of journalism, Steinbeck's experiences touring the migrant camps would lay the foundation for his most famous work, The Grapes of Wrath Several of the people he met and events he witnessed make into the narrative in altered form.
In addition to providing insight into the inspiration for one of the world's best known novels, The Harvest Gypsies has sociologic relevance today as an historical document that provides a firsthand account of a never before seen experience in American history.
Never had such a large group of Americans been displaced by natural disaster and faced such destitution and oppression. Steinbeck recounts with great indignation and sympathy the huge loss experienced by hundreds of thousands of Americans during the period.The Harvest Gypsies, by John Steinbeck Essay Words 7 Pages A major drought, over-cultivation, and a country suffering from one of the greatest depressions in history are all it took to displace hundreds of thousands of Midwesterners and send them, and everything they had, out west.
The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath - Kindle edition by John Steinbeck, Charles Wollenberg. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath/5(32).
THE HARVEST GYPSIES John Steinbeck Seven articles originally published in the San Francisco News, October , reformatted This file is not to be sold. The harvest gypsies: Record Citations; The harvest gypsies: On the road to the Grapes of wrath.
Berkeley: Heyday Books.
Chicago Style Citation. Steinbeck, John. The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath.
|Reward Yourself||Historical background[ edit ] Outskirts of Salinas, California. Rapidly growing settlement of lettuce workers.|
|The Harvest Gypsies - Wikipedia||Historical background[ edit ] Outskirts of Salinas, California. Rapidly growing settlement of lettuce workers.|
|Student Resources||Steinbeck explains the migrants are constantly kept on the move as they must follow the crops ready for harvest up and down the state. He argues they are considered "outlanders" and "foreigners" and are subject to total ostracism, even though their services are greatly needed by the agricultural industry.|
|Record Citations||Steinbeck explains the migrants are constantly kept on the move as they must follow the crops ready for harvest up and down the state.|
|The Harvest Gypsies | Steinbeck in the Schools | San Jose State University||
Berkeley: Heyday Books, MLA Citation. THE HARVEST GYPSIES John Steinbeck Seven articles originally published in the San Francisco News, October , reformatted This file is not to be sold. Steinbeck’s The Harvest Gypsies March 1, A family from Oklahoma outside a makeshift dwelling in a growing settlement of lettuce workers on the outskirts of Salinas, California.