Lawrence estuary a decade before then for valuable furs.
History According to the Movies. Axtell comments on the efforts both writer Brian Moore and director Bruce Beresford made to come up with an accurate historical account of the Jesuit mission located in Canada in Axtell also points out some inaccuracies such as "the puzzling behavior of the Iroquois captors" who "would never have gratuitously killed a young prisoner who could have been adopted into a family to replace a fallen kinsman," a guard having sex with a female prisoner, or a guard "posted in a scaffold tower in the cold dead of a winter night.
A Reply to Ward Churchill. Churchill refers to Haavik as one of the "Great White Expert wannabes" arguing that all, except one, of the sources Haavik uses sustain a Eurocentric perspective: This article explains the methods various methods Jesuits used to convert an Algonquin tribe known as the Montagnais, the difficulties involved in such a task, and the motives for their efforts.
This order of priests attempted disputation, trying to reason in the Montagnais' language with the tribe how Christianity was simply more sensible than their beliefs.
Fear was also adopted as a technique, whether it was fear of an eternity of hell fire for non-believers or that their sicknesses smallpox, among others would destroy them before they could be "saved. Missionaries and the Indians of Canada in Encounter since U of Toronto P, Like the texts that excerpt passages from the Jesuit Relations, Grant's book is an accessible work that chronicles the Jesuits' but also other missionaries' encounters with the native tribes of what would become Canada.
However, it does not share completely the sympathies of Christian missionary efforts, noting that Christianity is often looked upon as oppressive in 20th century Iroquois and Algonquin circles. However, his conclusion suggests that he speaks from a Christian perspective, since he discusses how Christian sects may now make their message more palatable to native tribes during a time when churches have no military power behind them to enforce their teachings.
Allan Greer excerpts significant passages from the Thwaites edition of The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents focusing especially on the Jesuits' experiences with the Montagnais, the Hurons, and the Mohawks from to This small volume is particularly useful since the volume Relations is hard to come by and difficult to wade through.
Especially of interest to readers looking for source material on Black Robe are the passages written by Paul Le Jeune on his travels with the Montagnais during the winter ofsince Le Jeune is one of the figures on whom Fr.
Paul Laforgue is based. These parts, as well as information on Huron customs, are ideal for research on the origins of Brian Moore's Jesuit character. Haavik criticizes Churchill for misinterpreting the film's "intentions and message.
Morrison, Sutton, William N. Fenton, Champlain, Georges E. Sioui, Aleiss, Ellis Cose that support his claim. The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Ottawa; Carleton UP, Here is yet another collection of significant pieces from the Jesuit Relations.
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It contains Le Jeune's account of his experiences with the Montagnais as well as the deaths of Noel Chabanel and his companions. The selections do extend from tobut a significant portion of the text deals with the Jesuits' experiences among the Hurons and Iroquois in the s and s.
U of Nebraska P, Parkman's lengthy account of the Jesuits' experiences in North America follows the Canadian compilation of the Jesuit Relations and predates the well-noted Thwaites' edition of the s into the 20th Century.
Coming from a Protestant historian, Parkman's book is at times critical of the Jesuits' mission to the Hurons and other tribes, focusing more on the priests' desire to save them from sinfulness and less on their respect for natives as human beings. However, his account is a useful alternative to works that only focus on the "heroic" struggles of the priests and ignore the dignity of the natives.
From the Jesuit Relations he takes not only a narrative of the failed mission to the Hurons but also accounts of the Huron, Algonquin, and Iroquois lifestyles.
Principe responds to what he sees as revisionist history that unfairly criticizes the Jesuit Paul Le Jeune for his depictions of the Montagnais in the Jesuit Relations.
He argues that in spite of scholars' contentions that Le Jeune was overly harsh in his criticism of the tribe, the priest actually admired them very much and saw potential in them to become noble Christians. Summarizing Le Jeune's praises and criticisms for the Montagnais, Principe explains the historical and philosophical contexts for the priest's word choices, showing that the priest did not consider the natives morally inferior but simply unaware of the "right intention" for their apparently moral actions.
For instance, the Montagnais would not be excessively concerned over their possessions, but only because it would be otherwise more painful if they lost them, not because greed is sinful. Taylor's essay examines the Jesuits' description of the New World landscape as described in the Jesuit Relations and discusses how the missionaries made meaning of the land in relation to their work.History: The Montagnais first settled on two territories: one near the Péribonka river, and the other at Metabetchouan.
Then in the Indians joined together on one territory, that of Pointe-Bleue, which was initially called the Reserve of Ouiatchouan.
The Montagnais-Naskapi showed respect for the spirits of the animals they killed in ritual practices that included food taboos and respectful disposal of the animals' bones. Shamans conversed with supernatural spirits in specially constructed lodges in a practice known as the shaking tent rite.
Language/Name of tribe The Innu were named depending on where they lived by The French or European settlers. The Montagnais meaning The mountaineers were named by French settlers.
The Montagnais belong to the Innu (Montagnais-Naskapi) language called Algonquain. It is a language spoken by nearly people in eastern Canada. Another tribe with whom Father La Forgue had regular contact in the film Black Robe was the Montagnais, a faction of the Algonquian tribe who were also migratory.
The portions of the film about the Montagnais drew heavily from documented history. Montagnais Indians, Montagnais People, Montagnais First Nation (French ‘mountaineers’, from the mountainous character of their country). A group of closely related Algonquian tribes in Canada, extending from about St Maurice river almost to the Atlantic, and from the St .
Video: The Iroquois Constitution: Summary & Analysis. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of the Iroquois Constitution, including the main provisions, groups involved, and similarities.