Commonwealth of Australia, consisting of its federal districtAustralian Capital Territory redthe states of New South Wales pinkQueensland blueSouth Australia purpleTasmania yellow, bottomVictoria greenWestern Australia orange and the Northern Territory yellow, top. On the 1st of January the nation-state of Australia officially came into existence as a federation.
In a unitary state, the central government holds all the power.
Lower-level governments, if they exist at all, do nothing but implement the policies of the national government. In a purely unitary state, the same set of laws applies throughout the nation, without variation. Unitary states create national policy, which is then applied uniformly. This uniformity sometimes serves as an advantage because people and businesses know exactly what to expect from the laws, regardless of geographical location.
At the same time, to maintain its uniformity, a unitary government must overlook local differences that might call for different rules or policies.
Most absolute monarchies and tyrannies operate under unitary systems. But democratic unitary states exist as well.
In France, for example, the central government makes virtually all of the decisions.
Federal Systems A federal system has a mix of national and state or local gov- ernments. The federal government usually trumps local governments in matters of defense and foreign policy, but local governments have a great deal of say over most other policy areas.
Although the federal government set certain rules for how the money was to be spent, state governments had the power to administer it as they saw fit. Some states, therefore, gave little money through AFDC, whereas others were much more generous. Often, the boundary between national and local power is blurred.
Federal systems have the opposite strengths and weaknesses of unitary systems: They excel at factoring in local circumstances but often fail to have a coherent national policy. The United States, Mexico, and Canada operate under federal systems. These states have a mix of national and state governments that share power and policymaking responsibilities.
Confederate Systems A confederate system sits at the other extreme in terms of centralization. A confederacy is a loose relationship among a number of smaller political units.
The vast majority of political power rests with the local governments; the central federal government has very little power. Local governments have a great deal of freedom to act as they wish, but this freedom often leads to conflicts between states and the federal government.Yugoslavia: Yugoslavia, former federated country that existed in the west-central part of the Balkan Peninsula from until Yugoslavia included what are now six independent states: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia.
Learn more about Yugoslavia in . The 13th amendment abolished slavery and the 14th amendment provided that representation would be determined according to the whole number of persons in each state, not by the “three-fifths” of the slaves.
A. Introduction. Contents Index End. In their discourses on government, Plato and Aristotle discussed all those problems which were important to an Attic citizen if he were to understand and order his metin2sell.com encyclopædic approach was also used in theories of government that were developed in the Middle Ages (Rehm L/).
The inestimable value of our Federal Union is felt and acknowledged by all. These are some of the blessings secured to our happy land by our Federal Union. Quick Answer. Although both federal and confederate governments are multilateral systems of government that entail a central government as well as smaller state or municipal governments, a federal system assigns more power to the central government, whereas a confederate system reserves most of the power for the states.
A federal state has two or more constitutionally-enshrined levels of government: some form of central government, and some form of second-level government like provinces, states, prefectures, cantons or oblasts.